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Publications in this section highlight tools and strategies for addressing housing affordability challenges in your community. The Center’s housing solutions resources cover a broad range of topics – from state and local policies to preserve and expand the supply of affordable homes to efforts to meet the housing needs of older adults or families in areas vulnerable to natural disasters.
As inclusionary housing becomes more popular in urban settings with high land costs and high construction costs, workable alternatives to on-site affordability requirements and other forms of policy flexibility will become increasingly important. This policy brief presents four ideas for improving the flexibility of inclusionary housing and expanding the menu of options available to developers – while at the same time promoting mixed-income neighborhoods.
This paper profiles six localities that have adopted inclusionary housing policies tied to upzoning, referred to here as “inclusionary upzoning.” Each profile provides a sketch of how the policy is structured and how effective it has been. Drawing on these examples, the paper explores how neighborhood context, market context, and policy design may affect the success of inclusionary upzoning policies and their potential for adoption in new areas of the country where inclusionary housing has not yet been implemented. The paper concludes with a discussion of areas for future research.
Inclusionary housing policies are local land use policies that link approvals for market-rate housing to the creation of affordable homes for low- and moderate-income households. The primary goals of inclusionary housing programs are to expand the supply of affordable housing and promote social and economic integration. The ability to not only produce affordable homes, but also to ensure their long-term affordability, is critical for meeting the housing needs of the lower-income families and individuals that inclusionary housing programs aim to serve. This paper analyzes a set of 20 inclusionary housing programs to highlight how long affordability periods, strong legal mechanisms, carefully designed resale formulas, dedicated program stewardship, and strategic partnerships can help preserve affordable homes produced through inclusionary housing programs for multiple generations.
This paper examines how inclusionary housing policies fared during the nation’s historic housing downturn, as well as the major issues and opportunities that confront inclusionary housing today, as the housing market begins to recover.
Released in partnership with NYU's Furman Center for Real Estate & Urban Policy, this report helps to advance the current understanding of inclusionary zoning by taking a closer look at the impacts of programs in three metropolitan areas. The authors describe the types of communities that have adopted inclusionary zoning programs and assess the effects of these programs on affordable housing production and the price and production of market-rate housing.